Odessa State University Internal Affairs
juvenile, children’s rights, protection of rights, administrative offense, proceedings, administrative-tort relations, system, subjects.
The purpose of the article is to form an idea of the modern system of subjects of protection of the rights of minors who are prosecuted for administrative offenses. The urgency of the topic is due to the high level of administrative offenses by children and the insufficiently effective level of legal support of their rights in administrative-tort proceedings. The research methodology was formed by a set of general scientific and special methods of cognition. In particular, the rethinking of the role of some subjects of administrative and tort proceedings with jurisdictional powers has been achieved through the dialectical method of cognition. The method of systematic analysis was used in building the system of subjects of ensuring the rights of minors who are brought to administrative responsibility. The sociological survey allowed to find out the attitude of specialists in the field of law to some debatable issues of the functioning of these entities, etc. The results of the study are a certain list of subjects of protection of the rights of minors who are prosecuted for committing administrative offenses, their role in this process. The properties and perspectives that characterize this system of subjects are highlighted: the tasks of protecting the rights of children in administrative-tort relations are implemented by the respective subjects within the framework of judicial proceedings or public administration (management); the obligation of a number of subjects to protect the rights of this category of persons derives from the tasks of proceedings in cases of administrative offenses and is combined with their administrative and jurisdictional powers; juvenile specialization of such participants in proceedings on administrative offenses as a judge, prosecutor, defense counsel – is a necessary condition for effective protection of the rights of a child in conflict with the law and ensuring its best interests in administrative-tort legal relations; in order to provide quality legal assistance, only a lawyer should be a defender of a minor who is brought to administrative responsibility; it is necessary to intensify the participation of scientific, human rights institutions and institutions of local communities in the search for and implementation of effective administrative and legal mechanisms to protect the rights of minors who are held administratively liable. The conclusions of the article propose a generalized version of the system of the main subjects of protection of the rights of minors prosecuted for committing administrative offenses, which are divided into the following groups – subjects: policy of protection of children’s rights in administrative-tort relations; entities that represent and protect the rights and interests of a minor in proceedings on administrative offenses; who must protect the rights of minors during the exercise of administrative and jurisdictional powers in this type of proceedings; who should protect the rights of minors during the implementation of administrative penalties or measures of influence; who supervise the implementation of laws in proceedings on administrative offenses; which prevent violations of the rights and freedoms of the child, promote their restoration.
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