• Vitalii Budkevych National Academy of Internal Affairs
Keywords: electronic (digital) data, judicial procedure, Code of Administrative Procedure of Ukraine, original of electronic evidence, copy of electronic evidence


The purpose of the scientific paper is to develop solutions for the improvement of the electronic

evidence sub-institute in the administrative procedure in Ukraine based on the informational approach. The methodological framework for the research is represented by theoretical advances in the field of procedural law, with an emphasis on the theory of evidence and proof, as well as computer forensics, information law and technical literature. Comparative and formal legal methods, structural-functional analysis, inductive and deductive reasoning have been used to conduct the research. As a result of the research the analysis of the current theoretical developments in the study of the interdisciplinary sub-institute of the electronic evidence has been conducted; scientific comparison between the “objective” (traditional to the domestic theory of proof) and “informational” approaches to the definition of electronic evidence has been carried out; main theoretical and practical issues, arising from the application of different approaches to the perception of electronic evidence have been discovered and propositions for legislative amendments were made. Key findings of the study are briefly summarized below. In determination of the concept and the essence of electronic evidence an optimal combination of both objective and informational approaches to the perception of the electronic evidence should be applied. Differentiation between the original and the copy of electronic evidence should not be abandoned, and it should be allowed for the court to substantiate its findings with the copies of the electronic evidence in specific cases. Particular amendments to the Code of Administrative Procedure of Ukraine should be made with respect to: the definition of the original and the copy of electronic evidence; legal regulation of particular issues concerned with the use of originals and copies of the electronic evidence when proving the factual circumstances of the case (as well as when rendering the final and interim decisions by the court and when using the special knowledge) – primarily, in compliance with technical standards, that have recently been approved in Ukraine, regulating certain issues on the processing of electronic digital evidence.

Author Biography

Vitalii Budkevych, National Academy of Internal Affairs

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Public Administration and Governance


Casey E. (2010). Handbook of Digital Forensics and Investigation. Burlignton, USA: Elsevier Inc.

Guidelines of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on electronic evidence in civil and administrative proceedings, Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 30 January 2019, at the 1335th meeting of theMinisters’ Deputies and the Explanation note thereto. Retrieved from: https://rm.coe.int/guidelines-on-electronic-evidence-and-explanatorymemorandum/1680968ab5

International Organization for Standardization. (2012). Information Technology – Security techniques – Guidelines for identification, collection, acquisition and preservation of digital evidence (ISO/IEC Standard No. 27037:2012). Retrieved from: https://www.iso.org/standard/44381.html

Mason S. & Stanfield A (n.d.). Authenticating electronic evidence. In S. Mason & D. Seng (2017), (Eds.), Electronic Evidence: Fourth Edition (pp. 193-260).http://dx.doi.org/10.14296/517.9781911507079

Bryzhko, V.M. (2011). Do hnoseolohii katehorii “informatsiia” [Towards the gnoseology of the “information” category] Informatsiia i pravo, Information and law, 2(2), 13-20. Retrieved from: http://lib.znau.edu.ua/jirbis2/images/phocagallery/2017/Pryklady_DSTU_8302_2015.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Husiev O.Yu. (2019). Problemy vyznachennia oryhinalu elektronnoho dokazu v tsyvilnomu protsesi Ukrainy [Issues of determining the original of electronic evidence in the civil procedure of Ukraine]. Problemy zakonnosti – Problems of Legality, issue 147, 97–109. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.147.175838 [in Ukrainian].

Zozulia N. (2018, December 12). Osoblyvosti zboru, fiksatsii, podannia ta doslidzhennia elektronnoho dokazu: pohliad yurysta ta tekhnichnoho fakhivtsia [Peculiarities of collection, submission and examination of the electronic evidence: the legal professional and technical expert’s perspectives]. Ukrainske Pravo, The Ukrainian Law [Web portal]. Retrieved from: https://www.ukrainepravo.com/scientific-thought/pravova-pozytsiya/osoblyvosti-zboru-fiksatsiyipodannya-ta-doslidzhennya-elektronnogo-dokazu-poglyad-yurysta-ta-tekhni/ [in Ukrainian].

Kalamaiko A.Iu. (2016). Elektronni zasoby dokazuvannia u tsyvilnomu protsesi [Electronic means of proof in civil procedure] (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from: http://nauka.nlu.edu.ua/download/diss/Kalamaiko/d_Kalamaiko.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Luspenyk D., Mamchenko M. (2018, September 3). Novelizatsiia tsyvilnoho protsesu pozytyvno vplynula na sudovu praktyku [The Novelization of The Civil Procedure Had a Positive Impact on Case Law]. Sudebno-yurydycheskaia hazeta, Judicial-Legal Newspaper. Retrieved from: https://sud.ua/ru/news/publication/124587-novelizatsiya-tsivilnogo-protsesu-pozitivnovplinula-na-sudovu-praktiku [in Ukrainian].

Pavlova Yu.S. (2019). Elektronnyi dokument yak dzherelo dokaziv u tsyvilnomu protsesi [Electronic document as a source of evidence in civil procedure] (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from: http://dspace.onua.edu.ua/handle/11300/11724 [in Ukrainian].

Polozhennia pro Yedynu sudovu informatsiino-telekomunikatsiinu system (neofitsiinyi tekst) [The Regulations on the Unified court informational telecommunication system (informally published text)]. Retrieved from: http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/NT4424.html [in Ukrainian].

Chornyi O.S., Antoniuk O.I. (2018). Elektronni dokazy v tsyvilnomu protsesi: problem zastosuvannia na praktytsi [Electronic evidence in civil procedure: problems of practical application]. Visnyk studentskoho naukovoho tovarystva DonNU imeni Vasylia Stusa, Journal of the Student Scientific Community of the Donetsk National University named after V. Stus. V.1, 10. 83–88. Retrieved from: http://jvestnik-sss.donnu.edu.ua/article/view/5468 [in Ukrainian].

Fedotov N.N. (2007). Forenzyka-kompiuternaia krymynalystyka [Forensic science as a computer criminalistics]. Retrieved from: http://kriminalisty.ru/catalog/item50.html [in Russian].
How to Cite
BudkevychV. (2020). ELECTRONIC EVIDENCE IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE IN UKRAINE IN THE LIGHT OF THE INFORMATIONAL APPROACH. Administrative Law and Process, (1(28), 80-91. https://doi.org/10.17721/2227-796X.2020.1.06
Administrative process (Administrative legal proceedings)