On the issue of the freedom of conscience in the grand dukes of lithuania state and legal policies in the XIII – XIV centur

  • Yulianna Tsvietkova Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Keywords: state and legal policy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in religious domain, freedom of conscience, religious tolerance, Gediminids


The article is devoted to the unique for the feudal period policy of religious tolerance led by the Grand Dukes of Lithuania at the territories under their rule. Grand Dukes of Lithuania is usually identified as “pagan state”, but analysis of contemporary sources show that it should be rather classified as multi-religion federation. This thesis can be proved because Grand Dukes of Lithuania princes personally were not stuck to definite religion policy, what is shown by their numerous changing confession of their own and different beliefs within one ruling family. Religions of the throne pretenders were their personal matter and had no influence on their enthroning. Religion woes were not in use during homage and beneficing procedures, what could be explained by different religions of suzerains and vassals. Just appointed local rulers did generally converse into religion of the region majorities. Any evident Princes’ oppression of Christians described in Chronicles followed their uprisings or other acts of disobedience to the ordinances.


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How to Cite
Tsvietkova, Y. (2019). On the issue of the freedom of conscience in the grand dukes of lithuania state and legal policies in the XIII – XIV centur. Administrative Law and Process, (1(20), 60-67. https://doi.org/10.17721/2227-796X.2018.1.08
History of administrative law and process