NON-JUDICIAL MEDIATION IN THE LITHUANIAN ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS: CURRENT ISSUES

  • Eglė Bilevičiūtė Law School of Public Law Institute of Mykolas Romeris University
  • Vaidas Milius Law School of Public Law Institute of Mykolas Romeris University
Keywords: administrative law science, administrative law, mediation, non-judicial and judicial mediation, public administration, legal doctrine

Abstract

The article is the first scientific study in the cycle of extrajudicial mediation in the administrative process of Lithuania.

The purpose. The article describes the envisaged new legal regulation of non-judicial mediation in the Lithuanian administrative law process, analyzing the works of Lithuanian scholars in this field and new draft legal acts, through the categories defined in the research tasks. The aim of the article is to briefly present and discuss the institute of non-judicial mediation in Lithuanian administrative law science and practice, its current and foreseeable development in administrative justice, to define and analyze the aims of non-judicial mediation in administrative law new legal regulation, the envisaged possibilities of non-judicial mediation as an alternative to peaceful dispute resolution in the administrative law system in Lithuania. In order to achieve the aim and objectives of the research, the analysis of Lithuanian scientists’ works and basic laws and newly drafted legal acts implementing non-judicial mediation, pre-trial administrative proceedings and Lithuanian administrative legal regulation was carried out.

Methods: comparative, documents’ analysis, systematic approach and other methods were used for research.

Results of research. It can be reasonably stated that Lithuania, having regard to the successful implementation of mediation in civil law, has prepared appropriate amendments to new laws and other legal acts and created an efficient operational basis for the proper functioning of non-judicial mediation in pre-trial administrative proceedings.

Conclusions. Summarizing this study, it can be concluded that the legal regulation of non-judicial mediation drafted by the legislators is based on analogy with the regulation of mediation in civil law. As judicial mediation in administrative proceedings is already legally regulated, as a complete analogue to civil mediation and administrative courts already apply it in practice, it is expected that the regulation of non-judicial mediation in administrative proceedings will follow a similar model. According to the proposed non-judicial mediation model, such mediation will only be possible once the dispute has been initiated and resolved by the Lithuanian Administrative Disputes Commission or its territorial offices. Such a model is acceptable given the practical work of the commission and the existing legal regulation, and the commission could operate on the basis of the mediation model of administrative courts. However, the question of the qualifications of mediators remains unresolved, as legal theorists do not agree on what the qualifications of mediators in extrajudicial administrative proceedings should be. There is disagreement as to whether a person who has completed only a supplementary course on administrative law will acquire the necessary knowledge and qualifications, as well as whether it is necessary to have a legal education and a thorough knowledge of the principles of public administration.

It should be noted that the successful application of non-judicial mediation in administrative proceedings is highly influenced by the nature of the dispute. It is believed that in administrative disputes concerning material, tax relations, civil service, administration of national, European Union and foreign financial assistance, the possibility of mediation seems realistic in order to resolve the dispute and restore the balance of social peace in a manner acceptable to all parties to the dispute. The first steps have already been taken, the law stipulates that a public administration entity may not aggravate the situation of the person subject to the decision by making or modifying the decision. The drafts initiated in this way are related to the extension of the jurisdiction of the disputes dealt with by the Administrative Disputes Commission, in the hope that before the new wording of the Law on Mediation comes into force, other legal acts will be regulated to enable successful non-judicial mediation.

References

Bondy, V., Doyle, M. (2011). Mediation in judicial review: a practical handbook for lawyer. The Public Law Project, no. 14, pp. 45–47.
Case law of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania, a summary of the application of the rules governing the non-judicial settlement of disputes (part 1) [Lietuvos vyriausiojo administracinio teismo praktikos, taikant išankstinio ginčų nagrinėjimo ne per teismą tvarką reglamentuojančias teisės normas, apibendrinimas (I dalis), psl. 457].

Council of Europe (2001). Recommendation Rec(2001)9 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on alternatives to litigation between administrative authorities and private parties. URL: https://rm.coe.int/16805e2b59.

Jakaite, A. (2016). Settlement agreement between the supervisory authority and a financial market participant: only theoretical possibility or achievable reality? Money Studies, no. 1, pp. 54 [Jakaitė A. Taikos sutartis tarp priežiūros institucijos ir finansų rinkos dalyvio: tik teorinė galimybė ar pasiekiama realybė? Pinigų studijos. 2016. № 1. P. 50–60].

Kaminskienė, N. et al. (2013). Mediation: textbook. Vilnius: Mykolas Romeris University Publishing Center, p. 7 [Kaminskienė N., Račelytė D., Tvaronavičienė A., Mienkowska-Norkienė R., Atutienė E., Štaraitė-Barsulienė G., Saudargaitė I., Uscila R., Banys A., Langys E., Pečkys V., Špokas E., Čiuladienė G., Aleknonis G. Mediacija: vadovėlis. Vilnius: Mykolo Romerio universiteto leidybos centras, 2013. 603 p.].

Meskys, L., Mazvydas, G. (2015). Is there a possibility of mediation in administrative proceedings in the Republic of Lithuania? Law review, no. 1(12), pp. 141 [Meškys L., Mažvydas G. Ar galima mediacija administraciniame procese Lietuvos Respublikoje? Teisės apžvalga. 2015. № 1(12). P. 130–158].

Minister of Justice of the Republic of Lithuania (2015). Order of the Minister of Justice of the Republic of Lithuania 1R-268 “Concerning the conception of the development of the system of mediation”. Legislative register, 2015-13939 [Lietuvos Respublikos teisingumo ministro įsakymas № 1R-268 „Dėl taikinamojo tarpininkavimo (mediacijos) sistemos plėtros koncepcijos patvirtinimo“. Teisės aktų registras, 2015-13939].

Republic of Lithuania Government (2010). Republic of Lithuania Government Resolution “On bodies under the ministries” (dated October 20, 2010 № 1517). URL: https://www.infolex.lt/ ta/139863 [Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybės „Dėl įstaigų prie ministerijų“ (2010 m. spalio 20 d. nutarimas № 1517). URL: https://www.infolex.lt/ta/139863].

Republic of Lithuania Government (2019). Government of the Republic of Lithuania Resolution № 886 of the Republic of Lithuania on Tax Administration Law № Ix-2112 Amending Articles 2, 71, 155, 156 and Supplementing Articles 711, 712 and 713 of Bill I XIIIP-2303 (dated August 28, 2019). URL: https://www.infolex.lt/ta/548329 [Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybės nutarimas № 886 „Dėl Lietuvos Respublikos mokesčių administravimo įstatymo № Ix-2112 2, 71, 155, 156 straipsnių pakeitimo ir įstatymo papildymo 711, 712 ir 713 straipsniais įstatymo projekto № XIIIP-2303“ (2019 m. rugpjūčio 28 d.). URL: https://www.infolex.lt/ta/548329].

Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (2018). Concerning the Law on Mediation in Civil Disputes of the Republic of Lithuania № X-1702 Amendment Act № XIII-534 of the Republic of Lithuania Law on Administrative Proceedings of the Republic of Lithuania № VIII-1029 of the Law on Amending Articles 20, 28, 36, 40, 44, 51, 56, 59, 67, 79 and Supplementing the Law with Articles 79-1 and 79-2; VIII-1031 to the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (dated November 28, 2018 № 1190). URL: https://e-seimas.lrs.lt/portal/legalAct/lt/TAD/f56939b4f85611e895b0d54d3db20123?jfwid=-14itv2ko6m [Dėl Lietuvos Respublikos civilinių ginčų taikinamojo tarpininkavimo įstatymo № X-1702 pakeitimo įstatymo № XIII-534 pakeitimo įstatymo, Lietuvos Respublikos administracinių bylų teisenos įstatymo № VIII-1029 20, 28, 36, 40, 44, 51, 56, 59, 67, 79 straipsnių pakeitimo ir Įstatymo papildymo 79-1, 79-2 straipsniais įstatymo, Lietuvos Respublikos ikiteisminio administracinių ginčų nagrinėjimo tvarkos įstatymo № VIII-1031 pakeitimo įstatymo projektų pateikimo Lietuvos Respublikos Seimui (2018 m. lapkričio 28 d. № 1190). URL: https://e-seimas.lrs.lt/portal/legalAct/lt/TAD/f56939b4f85611e895b0d54d3db20123?jfwid=-14itv2ko6m ].

Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (2019). Law on Public Administration of the Republic of Lithuania. Legislative register, 2019-10362 [Lietuvos Respublikos viešojo administravimo įstatymas (2019). Teisės aktų registras, 2019-10362].

Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania (2012). Order of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania of November 8, 2012 decision in the administrative case № A602-151/2012 [Lietuvos vyriausiojo administracinio teismo 2012 m. lapkričio 8 d. nutartis administracinėje byloje № A602-151/2012].

Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania (2014). Order of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania of May 15, 2014 decision in the administrative case № A502-1017/2014 [Lietuvos vyriausiojo administracinio teismo 2014 m. gegužės 15 d. sprendimas administracinėje byloje № A502-1017/2014].

Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania (2019). Order of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania of June 5, 2019 decision in the administrative case № A-1764-624/2019 [Lietuvos vyriausiojo administracinio teismo 2019 m. birželio 5 d. nutartis administracinėje byloje № A-1764-624/2019].

Supreme Court of Lithuania (2010). Nidera Handelscompagnie BV against State Tax Inspectorate under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania: Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber), dated October 21, 2010. URL: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/liste. jsf?language=lt&jur=C,T,F&num=C-385/09&td=ALL [Nidera Handelscompagnie BV prieš Valstybinė mokesčių inspekcija prie Lietuvos Respublikos finansų ministerijos: Teisingumo Teismo (trečioji kolegija) sprendimas (2010 m. spalio 21 d.). URL: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/ liste.jsf?language=lt&jur=C,T,F&num=C-385/09&td=ALL].

Tribunal. Collins vocabulary. URL: https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/ tribunal.

Vaisvila, A. (2004). Theory of law. Vilnius: Justitia, p. 205 [Vaišvila A. Teisės teorija. Vilnius: Justitia, 2004. 376 p.].

Whitehead, S. (ed.) (2018). The Tax Disputes and Litigation Review. Sixth Edition. London: Law Business Research Ltd. 450 p.
Published
2020-06-25
How to Cite
BilevičiūtėE., & MiliusV. (2020). NON-JUDICIAL MEDIATION IN THE LITHUANIAN ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS: CURRENT ISSUES. Administrative Law and Process, (4(27), 115-134. https://doi.org/10.17721//2227-796X.2019.4.10
Section
Administrative process (Administrative legal proceedings)