SAND IN THE GEARBOX OF THE FUNCTIONING OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: DEFECTIVE/ILLEGAL ADMINISTRATIVE ACT AND ITS CONTROL

  • Stefanos Kareklas EU-funded project “Promotion of the Rule of Law in the Kyrgyz Republic”, Attorney of Thessaloniki, Greece
Keywords: democratic and liberal states governed by the rule of law, principle of legality, Greek administrative law, administrative decisions, enforceable administrative decisions, presumption of legality, presumption of authenticity and originality, presumption of truth, procedure for challenging and annulling administrative decisions, void or non-existent administrative decisions, voidable administrative decisions, setting aside of a decision, judicial control of the legality of administrative decisions

Abstract

The article discusses the issue of the existence and legal repercussions of illegal administrative acts according to Greek Administrative Law. Following the principle of legality, the operation of the public administration and especially the issuing of administrative decisions should be fully governed by the relevant legal provisions; nevertheless, it rather often happens that decisions are taken, which are partially or completely in violation of legal provisions. Despite that fact, and due to the existing principle of enforcement of administrative decisions independently of their legal status (presumption of legality of the administrative decisions issued), even illegal decisions are producing legal results and have to be removed or suspended in order to re-establish legality. In the article the various types and categories of problematic decisions are presented. This issue is presented according to the theory of Administrative Law in Greece. In addition, the legal remedies foreseen for restitution of legality, other remedies and procedural functions are considered, which can be employed either by the institutions themselves or by the citizens negatively affected in their rights by the problematic decision.

Even though the situation at legislative level seems to be satisfactory, the current manifold crisis of the country has led to the (pretty often conscientious) production of uncommonly many incorrect and illegal decisions, the suspension of which requires time and resources, whereas in the meantime the citizens involved have to struggle to maintain their rightful status or even to merely socially and economically survive. The quantity of such decisions of the administrative and State-institutions is reaching a threshold which can be considered risky and dangerous, not only for the parties involved but in the medium-term also for the overall democratic structure of the country’s executive and administration.

References

Gerontas, A. (2014). Summary of General Administrative Law. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 77 [Γέροντας Α. Επιτομή Γενικού Διοικητικού Δικαίου. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2014. 464 σ.].

Tachos, A. (2008). Greek Administrative Law. 9th ed. Athens, pp. 67 [Τάχος Α. Ελληνικό διοικητικό δίκαιο. 9η έκδ. Αθήνα, 2008. 1116 σ.].

Dagtoglou, P.D. (2015). General Administrative Law. 7th ed. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 228 [Π. Δαγτόγλου, Γενικό Διοικητικό Δίκαιο. 7η έκδ. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2015. 906 σ.].

Dagtoglou, P.D. (2015). General Administrative Law. 7th ed. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 228 [Π. Δαγτόγλου, Γενικό Διοικητικό Δίκαιο. 7η έκδ. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2015. 906 σ.].

Siehe: Gerontas, A. (2014). Summary of General Administrative Law. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 119 [Γέροντας Α. Επιτομή Γενικού Διοικητικού Δικαίου. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2014. 464 σ.] und die dort präsentierte Diskussion zur Frage, ob die Vollstreckbarkeit ein lediglich emmanentes/ externes oder schon ein immanentes/internes, ja quasi natürliches Merkmal des Verwaltungsaktes ist. Auf jeden Fall handelt es sich dabei um ein „wesentliches Merkmal“ des individuellen Verwaltungsaktes.

Gerontas, A. (2014). Summary of General Administrative Law. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 79 [Γέροντας Α. Επιτομή Γενικού Διοικητικού Δικαίου. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2014. 464 σ.].

Dagtoglou, P.D. (2015). General Administrative Law. 7th ed. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 140 ff [Π. Δαγτόγλου, Γενικό Διοικητικό Δίκαιο. 7η έκδ. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2015. 906 σ.].

Tachos, A. (2008). Greek Administrative Law. 9th ed. Athens, pp. 582 f [Τάχος Α. Ελληνικό διοικητικό δίκαιο. 9η έκδ. Αθήνα, 2008. 1116 σ.].

Das Oberste Gericht des Landes in Verwaltungsangelegenheiten, etwa dem BVerwG entsprechend.

Dagtoglou, P.D. (2015). General Administrative Law. 7th ed. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 295 [Π. Δαγτόγλου, Γενικό Διοικητικό Δίκαιο. 7η έκδ. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2015. 906 σ.].

Dagtoglou, P.D. (2015). General Administrative Law. 7th ed. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 295 [Π. Δαγτόγλου, Γενικό Διοικητικό Δίκαιο. 7η έκδ. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2015. 906 σ.].

Siehe dazu statt vieler: Gerontas, A. (2014). Summary of General Administrative Law. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 181 [Γέροντας Α. Επιτομή Γενικού Διοικητικού Δικαίου. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2014. 464 σ.].

Gerontas, A. (2014). Summary of General Administrative Law. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 181 f [Γέροντας Α. Επιτομή Γενικού Διοικητικού Δικαίου. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2014. 464 σ.].

Tachos, A. (2008). Greek Administrative Law. 9th ed. Athens, pp. 583 [Τάχος Α. Ελληνικό διοικητικό δίκαιο. 9η έκδ. Αθήνα, 2008. 1116 σ.].

Dagtoglou, P.D. (2015). General Administrative Law. 7th ed. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 153 [Π. Δαγτόγλου, Γενικό Διοικητικό Δίκαιο. 7η έκδ. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2015. 906 σ.].

Dagtoglou, P.D. (2015). General Administrative Law. 7th ed. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 311 [Π. Δαγτόγλου, Γενικό Διοικητικό Δίκαιο. 7η έκδ. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2015. 906 σ.].

Siehe im allgemeinen: Dagtoglou, P.D. (2015). General Administrative Law. 7th ed. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 315 f [Π. Δαγτόγλου, Γενικό Διοικητικό Δίκαιο. 7η έκδ. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2015. 906 σ.]; Lazaratos, P. (2009). On the constitutionality of the single article a.n. 261/1968 (On the occasion of the CoE 1501/2008). Studies and observations in jurisprudence. Athens, pp. 579 ff. URL: http://kostasbeys.gr/articles.php?s=4&mid=1479&mnu=3&id=25414 [Λαζαράτος Π. Περί της συνταγματικότητας του άρθρου μόνου α.ν. 261/1968 (Με αφορμή την ΣτΕ 1501/2008). Μελέτες και παρατηρήσεις στη νομολογία. Αθήνα, 2009. Σ. 579–583. URL: http://kostasbeys.gr/articles.php?s=4&mid=1479&mnu=3&id=25414].

Lazaratos, P. (2009). On the constitutionality of the single article a.n. 261/1968 (On the occasion of the CoE 1501/2008). Studies and observations in jurisprudence. Athens, pp. 583. URL: http://kostasbeys.gr/articles.php?s=4&mid=1479&mnu=3&id=25414 [Λαζαράτος Π. Περί της συνταγματικότητας του άρθρου μόνου α.ν. 261/1968 (Με αφορμή την ΣτΕ 1501/2008). Μελέτες και παρατηρήσεις στη νομολογία. Αθήνα, 2009. Σ. 579–583. URL: http://kostasbeys.gr/ articles.php?s=4&mid=1479&mnu=3&id=25414].

Gerontas, A. (2014). Summary of General Administrative Law. Athens, Thessaloniki, pp. 173 [Γέροντας Α. Επιτομή Γενικού Διοικητικού Δικαίου. Αθήνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2014. 464 σ.]. Des Weiteren die Entscheidungen des Staatsrates 2923/2006; 1567 und 3269/2010; 2414/2011 und 3/2013.

Lazaratos, P. (1998). The application of the general principles of revocation of illegal administrative acts by jurisprudence. Studies and observations in jurisprudence. Athens, pp. 534. URL: http://kostasbeys.gr/articles.php?s=6&mid=&mnu=0&id=18948 [Λαζαράτος Π. Η εφαρμογή των γενικών αρχών περί ανακλήσεως παρανόμων διοικητικών πράξεων από την νομολογία. Μελέτες και παρατηρήσεις στη νομολογία. Αθήνα, 1998. Σ. 531–534. URL: http:// kostasbeys.gr/articles.php?s=6&mid=&mnu=0&id=18948].

Tachos, A. (2008). Greek Administrative Law. 9th ed. Athens, pp. 783 ff [Τάχος Α. Ελληνικό διοικητικό δίκαιο. 9η έκδ. Αθήνα, 2008. 1116 σ.].

Tachos, A. (2008). Greek Administrative Law. 9th ed. Athens, pp. 584 [Τάχος Α. Ελληνικό διοικητικό δίκαιο. 9η έκδ. Αθήνα, 2008. 1116 σ.].
Published
2020-06-25
How to Cite
KareklasS. (2020). SAND IN THE GEARBOX OF THE FUNCTIONING OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: DEFECTIVE/ILLEGAL ADMINISTRATIVE ACT AND ITS CONTROL. Administrative Law and Process, (4(27), 15-25. https://doi.org/10.17721/2227-796X.2019.4.02
Section
General administrative law