TRUTH OF THE NORM OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW : ESSENCE AND CONTENT OF THE CATEGORY
The aim is to determine the content and essence of such a property of the norms of administrative law as their truth on the basis of analyzing the opinions of individual legal scholars.
Methods. The validity of the theoretical claims, recommendations for further academic research into the topic, the reliability of the results are ensured by the use of a set of philosophical, general and special scientific methods applied in legal research. The dialectical method of scientific knowledge is used as the main general scien tific method.
Results. It is noted that the truth of the norm of administrative law is a condition for its effectiveness. It is pointed out that the degree of effectiveness of the administrative-legal norm depends on the completeness and accuracy of reflection in it of the material and spiritual social conditions. The more adequately the rules of the administrative law reflect the combination of social and personal interests, the processes of social development, the higher the effectiveness of administrative-legal norms is. Taking into consideration the fact that efficiency is the property of the norm of administrative law, which is based on its truth, the author has assumed that the criterion of such truth will be the degree of effectiveness of the legal norm, and indicators will be specific statistical data, confirming or refuting its effectiveness and, respectively, the truth. The opinion is expressed that the truth of the norms of administrative law, as a an absolutely evaluative category, does not have to imperatively reflect the interests of a particular citizen. This does not mean that in this case the author refuses the principle of the rule of law or interprets it somehow differently than other authoritative scholars. It is suggested when defining the essence of this category to start from identifying if the norm satisfies the needs of social development.
The author has determined the truth of the administrative-legal norm in terms of the initial data, which reveal the social needs at a certain stage of development of society, namely: the level of development of economic and industrial relations, the state of the natural environment and ecology in general, the state of social and political institutions (family, education and science, medicine, judicial and law enforcement systems, public administration system, etc.), the status of an individual in the society and the level of protection of their rights and interests by the state, mentality, consciousness, worldview of the society, etc.
Conclusions. Based on the results of the analysis performed, the author proposes to understand the truth of the norm of administrative law as its property, which characterizes the degree of compliance of the norm with the needs of social development, the full reflection in it of the public relations, regulated by administrative law
Melnyk, R.S. (2010). Systema administratyvnoho prava Ukrainy [The system of administrative law of Ukraine] (Doctor’s thesis). Kharkiv [in Ukrainian].
Mykolenko, O.I. (2011). Mistse administratyvnoho protsedurnoho prava v systemi yurydychnykh znan ta systemi prava Ukrainy [The place of administrative procedural law in the system of legal knowledge and the system of law of Ukraine] (Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis). Zaporizhzhia [in Ukrainian].
Matselyk, T.O. (2014). Subiekty administratyvnoho prava [Subjects of administrative law] (Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis). Irpin [in Ukrainian].
Pyrozhkova, Yu.V. (2017). Teoriia funktsii administratyvnoho prava [The theory of functions of administrative law] (Doctor’s thesis). Zaporizhzhia [in Ukrainian].
Bolokan, I.V. (2017). Realizatsiia norm administratyvnoho prava: problemni pytannia teorii ta praktyky [Implementation of administrative law: problematic issues of theory and practice] (Doctor’s thesis). Zaporizhzhia [in Ukrainian].
Yurovska, V.V. (2018). Metody administratyvnoho prava: teoretyko-pravovi ta prakseolohichni aspekty [Methods of administrative law: theoretical and legal and praxeological aspects] (Doctor’s thesis). Zaporizhzhia [in Ukrainian].
Kondratiev, A.Yu. (2016). Pro neobkhidnist pereosmyslennia zmistu oznak pravovoi normy yak peredumovu perehliadu vlastyvostei administratyvno-pravovykh norm [On the need to rethink the content of the features of the legal norm as a prerequisite for the revision of the properties of administrative law]. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Seriia “Pravo”, no. 41, vol. 3, pp. 97–103 [in Ukrainian].
Kondratiev, A.Yu. (2018a). Efektyvnist administratyvno-pravovoi normy: analiz etymolohii katehorii ta spivvidnoshennia z inshymy sumizhnymy poniattiamy [Efficiency of the administrative- legal norm: an analysis of the category’s etymology and the relationship with other related concepts]. Naukovyi visnyk publichnoho ta pryvatnoho prava, no. 3, pp. 170–176 [in Ukrainian].
Kondratiev, A.Yu. (2018b). Umovy efektyvnosti administratyvno-pravovykh norm: poniattia ta klasyfikatsiia [Conditions of efficiency of administrative law: concept and classification]. Jurnalul juridic naţional: teorie şi practică, no. 6, pp. 68–74 [in Ukrainian].
Busel, V.T. (ed.) (2001). Velykyi tlumachnyi slovnyk suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy [Great explanatory dictionary of modern Ukrainian language]. Kyiv; Irpin: VTF “Perun” [in Ukrainian].
Ivin, A.A. (ed.) (2004). Filosofiia: entsiklopedicheskii slovar [Philosophy: an encyclopedic dictionary]. Moscow: Gardariki [in Russian].
Cherdantsev, L.F. (1973). Spetsifika pravovogo otrazheniia [Specificity of legal reflection]. Pravovedenie, no, 2, pp. 100–108 [in Russian].
Tikhonova, V.V. (2012). Problema istinnosti norm prava: osnovnye teoreticheskie podkhody [The problem of the truth of the norms of law: the basic theoretical approaches]. Pravovye problemy ukrepleniia rossiiskoi gosudarstvennosti: sbornik statei. Tomsk, vol. 53, pp. 69–71 [in Russian].
Lukasheva, E.A. (1986). Pravo, moral, lichnost: monografiia [Right, morality, personality: monograph]. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].
Alekseev, S.S. (1972). Problemy teorii prava: v 2 t. [Problems of the theory of law: in 2 vol.]. Sverdlovsk: Izd-vo Sverdlovskogo iurid. in-ta, vol. 1 [in Russian].
Babaev, V.K. (1976). Norma prava kak istinnoe suzhdenie [The norm of law as a true proposition]. Pravovedenie, no. 2, pp. 30–37 [in Russian].
Baranov, V.M. (1989). Istinnost norm sovetskogo prava: problemy teorii i praktiki [The truth of the norms of Soviet law: problems of theory and practice]. Saratov: Izd-vo Saratovskogo un-ta [in Russian].
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2011). Pro tsentralni orhany vykonavchoi vlady: Zakon Ukrainy vid 17 bereznia 2011 r. № 3166-VI [On Central Executive Bodies: Law of Ukraine of March 17, 2011 № 3166-VI]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3166-17 [in Ukrainian].
Kurakin, O.M. (2016). Analiz spivvidnoshennia katehorii “efektyvnist pravovoho rehuliuvannia” i sumizhnykh poniat [Analysis of the ratio of the category “effectiveness of legal regulation” and related concepts]. Aktualni problemy vitchyznianoi yurysprudentsii, no. 2, pp. 7–10 [in Ukrainian].
Khalfina, R.O. (1974). Kriterii istinnosti v pravovoi nauke [The criterion of truth in legal science]. Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo, no. 9, pp. 20–28 [in Russian].
Nekrasova, N.A., Nekrasov, S.I., Sadikova, O.G. (2009). Tematicheskii filosofskii slovar [Thematic philosophical dictionary]. Moscow: MGU PS (MIIT) [in Russian].
Silvestrova, T.Ya. (2006). Genezis i sushchnost obshchestvennykh potrebnostei [Genesis and the essence of social needs] (Doctor’s thesis). Cheboksary [in Russian].