Institute of public prosecutor’s self-government in Poland
article is dedicated to the learning of prosecutor’s self-government nature in the Republic of Poland. The topicality of the problem lies in a perspective of appearing prosecutor’s self-government as a form of independent collective problem-solving of prosecutor’s offices’ internal activities by prosecutors.
The phenomenon of prosecutor’s self-government in the Republic of Poland appeared in the context of doctrine realization, based on the idea of making the government responsible for creating appropriate conditions for professional or functional self-government development. Professional or functional self-government is interpreted as a state-guaranteed right of a professional group to use delegated powers in law-determined circles through a self-administered organization.
According to article 19-24a of the Polish Constitution «About prosecutor’s office» prosecutor’s self-government is realized by means of plural authorities, particularly: by meeting of prosecutors; by board of prosecutor’s offices of appeal and district prosecutor’s offices; by The National Prosecutor’s office Council. Prosecutor’s selfgovernment authorities are deputed to formulate a consolidated position of professional community on organization and prosecutor’s office activities basic questions. The National Prosecutor’s office Council is a representative plural body, which consists of delegates from prosecutor’s community as well as the Minister of Justice, a representative of Polish Republic President, four Seim deputies and two senators. The competence of the National Prosecutor’s office Council includes project examination of legal texts, regulating prosecutor’s office activities, hearing of Attorney-general’s report about prosecutor’s office activities and expressing his opinion on this, adopting the code of professional ethics principles for prosecutors, participating in realization of departmental personnel policy and so on. The National Prosecutor’s office Council usually reacts to any attempts to change prosecutor’s office activities arbitrarilyand to renew prosecutor’s office legislation. The analysis of Polish legislation founds the existence of an original model of prosecutor’s self-government in a country. Prosecutor’s self-government authorities are deputed to realize mainly an advisory or an examining function that makes its understanding as a destructive factor or an element of administrative dualism impossible.
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