Currency legal personality, concept and types of subjects of currency legal relationships
The article is dedicated to the concept of currency-legal relations, gives classification of subjects of currency legal relationships, the functions of public organs and banking system of Ukraine in the field of currency control, currency legal personality that is divided by three component elements: currency legal capacity, currency capability and currency responsibility, the author also characterizes the features of financial responsibility for violation of currency legislation of Ukraine. The functions of public organs and banking system of Ukraine in the field of currency control execute:
The National bank of Ukraine is the main organ of currency control, that: carries out control after implementation of rules of adjusting of currency operations on the territory of Ukraine on all questions, not included by this Decree into the competence of other public organs; provides implementation of functions of the authorized banks in relation to the realization of currency control according to this Decree and other acts of currency legislation of Ukraine.
The authorized banks, financial institutions and national operator of postal connection, that got from the National bank of Ukraine general licenses to realization of currency operations, carry out control after currency operations that is conducted by residents and non-residents through these establishments. A central executive that provides forming and will realize a public tax and custom policy body carries out financial control after currency operations that come true by residents and non-residents on territory of Ukraine.
A central executive that will realize a public policy in the field of the grant of services of postal connection body carries out control after inhibition of rules of postal orders and sending of currency values through the custom border of Ukraine. A central executive that provides realization of public policy in the field of a state custom affair body carries out control after inhibition of rules of moving of currency values through the custom border of Ukraine.
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